Teachers are some of the hardest working individuals I've ever encountered. Early mornings and late nights, grading assignments, and handling the emotions of young adults are only a small part of a teacher’s job. Teachers have a special skill for impacting and shaping young adult’s lives. No one goes into teaching to become rich, but if planned well, they can retire with savings that allow them to enjoy the next chapter of their lives’ comfortably.
Schools have been changing and adapting their retirement accounts frequently over the years. In the past virtually all public school teachers depended on the teacher pension program. However, as the program has been underfunded by billions of dollars the states have needed to change the way they plan for the teacher’s retirement. Below is an outline of a few details of the new retirement plan for new teachers beginning February 1, 2018.
New Teacher Retirement Plan - Two Options:
Option 1: The Pension Plus 2 Plan:
The Pension Plus plan is considered a "hybrid retirement account." The plan combines something similar to the old pension plan with a blend of new retirement investing options. The pension portion of the retirement plan provides a set monthly amount of money during retirement that is backed by the state of Michigan. You pay into the program throughout your career, and upon retirement the State promises to give you a specified monthly amount. The Pension Plus plan also involves a portion of investing in an account of your own that is tied to whichever funds you decide to invest with and the amount you get at retirement depends on the performance of the fund.
You're probably wondering how much money the pension plan will give you at retirement. It varies. The amount you will receive from the pension portion is determined by a formula that takes into consideration how many years you worked for the school system and how much money you made in your highest paid years. As you might imagine, the more years you work for the schools and the more you're paid the higher your pension benefit will be.
Key Numbers of the Pension Plus Plan:
o You contribute 6.2% of your paycheck to the pension account.
Your school employer matches 6.2%
o You automatically contribute 2% of your paycheck into your own Health Care and 2% into your investment account (a 403(b) account).
The 4% contribution is broken down as follows:
2% of the total contribution is contributed to healthcare in retirement
Your Employer matches the full 2% contribution
2% is placed into your retirement account
Your employer adds an addition 1% match.
Option 2: Defined Contribution Plan:
The Defined Contribution plan is contributed to a retirement account called a 403(b). This is less like a traditional teacher pension and more like a 401(k). You, the teacher, will invest 3% of your paycheck to this retirement account and 2% to your HealthCare. Your employer will contribute 7% of your income and 2% towards HealthCare. This money will be invested how you see fit and at retirement the amount you are able to receive will depend on the performance of your investments.
Your Investments are Broken Down as Follows:
2% of your automatic contribution goes toward your healthcare in retirement.
Your employer matches and puts 2% into the HealthCare account.
You contribution 3% of you income
Your school will contribute 7% to your retirement account.
A few things to consider:
Pension Plus Plan:
If you want an assured monthly income upon retirement the pension plus plan may be for you.
With this pension portion of this plan your employer takes the risk. No matter what the stock market does in the future, they are promising to give you a set monthly dollar amount.
Defined Contribution Plan:
· You assume full investment risk – you will not be guaranteed a level payment amount upon retirement. If the market does well and you invest wisely you will make more money. If the market does poorly or you invest unwisely your account will decline in value.
While offering less of a guarantee, this option has the potential to earn a higher return and thus result in you having more money at retirement. However, you may also end up with less in retirement if your investments don't do well.
Michael graduated from Hope College while playing Quarterback for the football team. Michael specializes in working with Roth IRAs, 401(k) Rollovers and Retirement Plans. He has always had a passion for helping others understand their finances and enjoys helping individuals and companies pursue their financial and personal goals. Michael enjoys golfing, boating, and working out on his free time. Michael holds his Series 7, Series 63, Life, Annuity, and Health licenses with LPL Financial. He also holds his Property and Casualty Insurance License.
The opinions voiced in this material are for general information only and are not intended to provide specific advice or recommendations for any individual. For advice specific to your situation, please contact us.